Infections of the maxillofacial region, if they are not treated timely and effectively, could progress to urgent life-threatening situations for the life of the patient. Pain and edema (swelling) in the face, the jaw bones, or the neck could suggest an infection of odontogenic or similar etiology.
If the infection is severe, the oral and maxillofacial surgeon is capable to diagnose and manage the problem working in a hospital setting, performing appropriate imaging examinations, cultures, and sensitivity tests to antibiotics, which constitute the usual paraclinical examinations. Surgical management of these infections includes performing of an intraoral or extraoral incision and drainage, as well as the extraction (removal) of the responsible teeth. The less severe and life-threatening dentoalveolar infections can be assessed and addressed in the oral and maxillofacial surgery practice setting. Depending of course on the diagnostic approach and the severity of each case, oral and maxillofacial surgeons can collaborate with doctors of other specialties, to provide complete and effective care to suffering patients.