Due to their surgical and dental background, oral and maxillofacial surgeons are especially sensitive and give great importance to harmony and balance between the appearance of the face and its function. Aesthetic (cosmetic) oral and maxillofacial surgery can correct and reconstruct malformations resulting from diseases, traumatic injuries, burns, birth defects or aging. Although for many people this may seem from a first sight as a subject familiar to plastic and reconstructive surgeons, both in Europe and particularly in America, the last decade, more and more oral and maxillofacial surgeons are occupied with the restoration of normal function, in combination with the improvement of the aesthetic appearance of individuals. Thus aesthetic oral and maxillofacial surgery is now included in many training programs in oral and maxillofacial surgery, because it is considered that oral and maxillofacial surgeons are excellently and maybe uniquely trained to such extent in surgical procedures concerning either the soft tissues (skin and muscles), and the hard tissues (bones and ligaments) of the oral and maxillofacial region, that they can guarantee the correct therapeutic management of malformations of the face, mouth, teeth, and jaws.
Aesthetic (cosmetic) oral and maxillofacial surgery can be performed either on an outpatient basis at an oral and maxillofacial surgery practice or at an outpatient clinic of a Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, and on an inpatient basis at a Hospital, depending on the preference of both the patient and the intervening surgeon. Aesthetic oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures can be performed either under general anesthesia, or intravenous sedation, or local anesthesia.